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Top Dry Bulk Cargo Blog
#1
The general purpose and functions of seagoing bulk carriers

The operations of seagoing bulk carrier vessels was rife with risks. A careful planning process and taking precautions for all shipboard matters are important . This website is intended to serve as a quick reference for international shipping communities. It offers information as well as guidance for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limits that are set by the classification society. It is crucial to make sure that the ship's structure is not strained and that every safety precaution is taken in order to ensure the safety of passage on the sea. Our detail pages cover a variety of bulk carrier-related topics that could be helpful to those working onboard and those working at ashore at the terminal.

The general characteristics of bulk ships that travel by sea.
Bulk carriers are vessels with a single deck that are equipped with top-side tanks and side tanks. They are made for single-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo refers to anything other than gas or liquids comprised of a mixture of granules and particles. It can be loaded directly into cargo containers without any kind of containment. The most common examples of dry cargo include grain sugar, ores, and sugar in bulk. The broadest definition of the word bulk carrier, any vessel built to carry bulk cargo (solid or liquid) in bulk would be classified as bulk carriers. Tankers also fall within this category. In normal usage, however it is used to describe vessels built for the transport of bulky solid cargoes, which is typically grain and agricultural products similar to it minerals such as stone, coal, ore and so on., on one or more of the voyages. Click over to this ore carrier specialist for more.

[Image: image_1.jpg]

What Is A Bulk Transportation?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying Capacity ranges from 3,000 tons to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12 to 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk transporters that carry capacities of up to 40,000 tonnes are fitted with cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels make use of dock-based facilities to load and unloading.
-Cargo holdings are typically large and without any obstacles. There are bigger hatch dimensions so that cargoes can be easily loaded and unloaded.
Most bulk carriers have a cargo hold dedicated as a ballast hold. This can also be used to improve stability on ballast voyages. A couple of additional holds could be allowed to partially ballast, however only at port.
-They have hydraulic, single pull or stacking (piggy- back) hatch covers made of steel.
Quatre ballast tanks are the most common types.
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom side of wing tank sloping
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks

Are they bulk cargo that is solid? Any other than liquid or gas substance that is a mixture of particles and granules. It can be loaded directly into cargo areas without any intermediary container. Bulk carriers can transport a variety of cargoes, including "clean" foodtuffs and "dirty", minerals, in addition to cargoes that may interact with each other or other contaminants, such as water. It is essential to ensure that the cargo spaces are cleaned for each cargo. In order to load cargo, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the area. A surveyor might be required to ensure that the space is ready to load. To prevent contamination, it is essential that all residues from previous cargoes are removed. Damage to bulk cargoes is mostly due to water. The storage areas should be dry in order to accommodate cargo. However, hatch covers must be watertight, or sealed if needed, to prevent water ingress. All fittings in the storage areas (pipe guards, bilge covers etc.) should be examined. are to be checked to make sure they are in good shape and securely fitted. If they're not correctly fitted, the equipment could cause serious damages to conveyor systems which could lead to delays. Click over to this dry bulk cargo site for more.

[Image: Maya_OBO_carrier_1.jpg]

Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that is designed to carry dry cargo. The traditional bulk carrier is built with only a single deck and skin. Bulk carriers are designed to carry the maximum deadweight for bulk cargo of any kind from heavy ore to lighter grain . It isn't as easy or simple as you think.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes have dangers and can change their properties during transit. An incorrect loading can easily cause damage to a ship. There is a possibility for the ship to bow when it is not loaded properly. This is called "stress?" This can lead to dangers to life at sea, especially during bad weather. Other cargoes could be impacted by the residuals of other cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes are vulnerable to damage from water. cement power. It can be difficult to verify the exact weight of the cargoes that were loaded or removed. These aspects have significant implications on the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes can form a cone when they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle of this cone, also referred to as the "angle for repose", varies with each cargo. Cargoes like iron ore can form a cone that is steeply angled. However, cargoes that flow freely could make a shallow angle cone. cargoes with lower angles of repose tend to move more during transit. When cargo is nearing the point of completion, bulldozers might need been used to divide the load across holds. The majority of dry bulk carriers rely on dock facilities for loading and discharging cargo However, certain bulk carriers offer self-unloading capabilities with conveyors underneath the cargo storage areas, or with cranes on deck.
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